Robert E. Lee
Patrick R. Cleburne (1828 - 1864)
most popular Confederate division commander was the "Stonewall of the
West"-Patrick R. Cleburne. Appropriately, the native of County Cork was
born on St. Patrick's Day and became the only product of the Emerald
Isle to become a Confederate major general. Failing the language
requirements for a druggist's degree, he served with the British 4lst
Regiment of Foot as an officer for a number of years before purchasing
his way out.
Emigrating to America, he became a druggist and then a highly
successful property attorney. He joined the Confederacy, and his
military assignments included: captain, Company F, lst Arkansas State
Troops (early 1861); colonel, lst Arkansas State Troops (early 1861);
colonel, 15th Arkansas (designation change July 23, 1861); commanding
2nd Brigade, lst (Hardee's) Division, Army of Central Kentucky,
Department #2 (fall 1861 - March 29, 1862); commanding 2nd Brigade,
Hardee's Division, Army of the Mississippi July 2 - August 15, 1862);
commanding 2nd Brigade, Buckner's Division, Left Wing, Army of the
Mississippi (August 15-30, October - October 8, and October - November
20, 1862); commanding 2nd Brigade, Buckner's Division,
Hardee's-Breckinridge's Corps, Army of Tennessee (November 20 -
December 1862); major general, CSA (December 20, 1862 to rank from the
13th); commanding the division (December 1862 - November 30, 1863);
commanding division, Hardee's (Polk's old)- Cheatham's Corps, Army of
Tennessee (November 30, 1863 - January 1864, January-August 3 1, and
September 2 - November 30, 1864); and commanding the corps (August 31 -
September 2, 1864).
At the head of the Yell Rifles, he served in Arkansas before being
named as commander of the state unit. Transferred with William J.
Hardee to central Kentucky, he was promoted to brigadier general and
fought at Shiloh and during the siege of Corinth. Taking part in the
Kentucky Campaign, he was wounded at both Richmond and Perryville.
Promoted to major general, he commanded a division at Murfreesboro,
during the Tullahoma Campaign, and at Chickamauga. A favorite of
Jefferson Davis, he is credited with covering the retreat from
Chattanooga after his splendid defense of Tunnel Hill.
That winter he proposed that in order to reinforce the Confederate
armies slavery would have to be abolished in a "reasonable time" and
blacks be recruited for military service on the promise of their
freedom. The proposal was rejected by the Richmond authorities and
would not be passed by the Confederate Congress until a couple of
months after Cleburne's death. Cleburne went on to command his
division, and briefly the corps, through the Atlanta Campaign and then
with Hood into middle Tennessee.
At the battle
of Franklin on November 20, 1864 he became the senior of six
Confederate generals to die in this fight, which did little more than
commit mass suicide against the Union works. His death was a calamity
to the Confederate cause perhaps only exceeded by the death of
Stonewall Jackson. First buried near Franklin, Cleburne's remains were
later removed to Helena, Arkansas.
Howell and Elizabeth, Pat Cleburne, Confederate General)
Source: "Who Was Who
In The Civil War" by Stewart Sifakis
Music: The background music is Gary
Owen, an Irish revolutionary jig, chosen to honor Pat Cleburn's