Robert E. Lee
Thomas Jonathan (Stonewall) Jackson
(1824 - 1863)
Jonathan Jackson was born on January 21, 1824 in Clarksburg, Virginia.
He entered West Point in July 1842 and, in spite of his poor childhood
education, worked hard to graduate seventeenth in his class in 1846.
Upon graduation, Jackson was sent on military duty to Mexico, and
continued his service in the United States Army in positions in New
York and Florida. In 1851, Jackson became professor of artillery
tactics and natural philosophy at Virginia Military Institute in
Lexington, Virginia. He resigned from the army as of February 29, 1852.
Jackson's summer vacations from teaching were often spent vacationing
in the North and in Europe where his interests were aroused in art and
culture rather than military or political aspects. This somewhat calm,
domestic period in his life came to a close on April 21, 1861 when he
was ordered to go to Richmond as part of the cadet corps. Since
military aspirations had faded from his life, he was virtually unknown
in this sphere.
It was during the Battle of Bull Run in the Civil War when Jackson
assumed his nickname. Amidst the tumult of battle, Brigadeer-General
Barnard E. Bee stated, "There is Jackson standing like a stone wall."
As the war continued, Jackson continually impressed his Confederate
compatriots with his skill on the battlefield and in planning
conferences. He distinguished himself in the Valley campaign of early
1862, the Battle of second Manassas in August 1862, and the Battle of
Fredericksburg in December 1862. Jackson was a Southern hero, and in
spite of his eccentricities, he was loved and respected by his
soldiers. He strictly observed the Sabbath, and his religiousity was
constant in all facets of his life.
On May 2, 1863, in his last march of the Civil War, Jackson was wounded
by friendly fire. He died of pneumonia several days later on May 10 at
Guiney's Station, Virginia. His body was carried to Richmond and then
to Lexington where it was buried. It is said that The Army of Northern
Virginia never fully recovered from the loss of Stonewall Jackson's
leadership in battle. General Robert E. Lee believed Jackson was
Dictionary of American Biography
Music: The background
music is Stonewall Jackson's Way,
author an unknown confederate soldier under Jackson's command.